Several government institutions and private organizations are working in Nepal to achieve the goal on sustainable management of natural resources including the restoration of natural vegetation with different environmental management perspectives. However, the planning for management to sustainably restore and maintain green environment in the cities and villages of the districts have been generally overlooked. In the past, some greenery initiatives in the villages and cities were carried out by some agencies in isolation, ad-hoc, uncoordinated and reactive manner that led to ineffective and unsustainable investments in the promotion of green environment for productive and human needs.
The rapid and unplanned expansion and development of cities and physical infrastructures in the districts are being placed tremendous pressure on the green environment of the districts. Pressure on green environment of the districts is likely to rise in future, while operating on rebuilding the earthquake damaged physical infrastructures and resettlement planning for earthquake affected communities in the cities and villages. Absence of greenery promotion measures in these newly planned built up areas will damage the existing rural green environment that leads to deteriorate the landscape and loss of cultural and recreational amenity as well as create health hazards due to environmental and climate change impacts. Thus, eco-greenery promotion concept has been developed taking into consideration of green environment concerns of planned rebuilding of infrastructures and resettlement sites for earthquake affected communities in the cities and rural areas of the districts.
Our Approach :
Our approach to promote eco-greenery programs is to build villages and cities rich in greenery. In other words, we are striving to create villages and cities in harmony with nature by taking proactive steps to “ eco-greenery promotion “ programs. Nonetheless, our approach to “eco-greenery promotion program” is not only to contribute to the beautification of the environment through promoting greenery but also to mitigate the heat island phenomenon that help reduce the impact of climate change. Further, our approach to eco- greenery is not simply a matter of planting more flora but also to carefully planting selected trees and flowers that evoke the seasons and planting evergreen trees, shrubs, vines and fruit trees that lighten the landscape and refresh the hearts of the people who live and gather in the villages and cities and provide a space of safety and relaxation.
Our Focus :
Our focus is to create microcosms of natural landscape of the villages and cities into eco-greenery landscape. Basically, we will develop the microcosms of village and cities lands into eco-greenery landscape through carrying out the following activities sustainably:
- Creation of Eco-greenery Parks
- Greening Village and Cities
- Creating Green Schools
- Greening Infrastructures
a) Creation of Eco-greenery Parks :
Creation of eco-greenery parks at VDCs/DDCs is one of our important interventions under eco-greenery promotion program. Creation of eco-greenery parks is to use wasteland, degraded land or unused open spaces at VDCs/DDCs and develop them into greenery park by planting suitable species of flowering and ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, grass and fruit trees. Eco-greenery parks have great benefit to the communities and the environment in which they live. They provide recreation, fresh air and water to the communities. Green parks filter pollutants and dust from the air and provide fresh air to breathe and also provide shade and lower temperatures in areas. Green parks at villages and cities not only brings recreation, richness and tranquil environment in the communities, but are also effective in disaster prevention such as preventing the spread of fire and flooding, and providing evacuation areas. Eco-greenery parks contribute to improvement in the village and city environment, which can also be used for sustainable learning of the environment of the microcosms of ecology or natural landscape in the villages and cities.
b) Greening villages and cities :
This is our another key area in terms of eco-greenery promotion program. This activity will be planned for creating green villages and cities by greening the corners and unused spaces of existing buildings and buildings that are planned to re-construct after the earthquake damage. Suitable and carefully selected plants that give reflection of beautiful and tranquil landscape will be planted around the corner and unused space of the buildings to create a beautiful landscape in and around the villages and cities. The roofs and walls of the buildings can also be covered with appropriate evergreen and ornamental plants for reducing “heat island” effect of the building which is an effective measure to not only increase the greenery on the ground, but also lower the surface temperatures of buildings and adaptation to climate change. By alleviating the “heat island” effect through greening villages and cities contribute to improvement of the city and village environment.
Greening villages and cities bring richness and tranquility to the communities that live in cities and villages. Such green landscapes are not only used as places for recreation, but also can be effectively used in disaster prevention, such as preventing the spread of fire, reducing flood and landslide disasters in cities, and providing evacuation areas during disasters.. In order to mitigate the heat island phenomenon, covering roofs and walls with greenery is
c) Creating Green Schools :
Creating green schools is another important program area of eco-greenery promotion endeavor. Its prime objective is to maintain and promote green environment in school yards and around .
Many of the school play grounds and school yards at cities and villages are dusty, stony, muddy and are exposed to unhealthy physical, learning and teaching environment. Maintaining green environment in and around the school yards help create healthy natural environment that provide clean air and sunlight and will avoid toxic materials and harmful chemicals from the school environment. Through greenery promotion program, school will be environmentally and hygienically benefited that help operate quality and peaceful environment for learning. A peaceful environment in the school creates creative thinking and creation of healthy mind is possible from school greenery program. School greenery environment motivates the students learn hygienic habits and will acquire fundamental knowledge on plants and importance of maintaining eco-greenery . Having attractive school yards around yields peaceful environment in and around the school meant acquiring extra supportive factors in teaching and learning that will benefit to school children, management committee, community , educational researchers. Most important is that the green school mitigate the heat island phenomenon of school that help reduce the impact of climate change and produce healthy environment.
d) Greening Infrastructures :
Our focus of greening infrastructures is to promote and maintain greenery in the road side, irrigation, hydropower, industries and other physical facilities. Greening infrastructures means maintaining green environment along the roads, irrigation canal, unused and waste lands of hydropower, industrial and yards of other physical facilities . The rapid and unplanned expansion of these infrastructures in the districts have placed tremendous pressure on the natural green environment of the districts. Greening infrastructures not only promote the green landscape of the sites but also safe guards the infrastructures from natural disasters like erosion, landslides and drought . Greening the infrastructures results in comfortable and tranquil living environment and provide space for safety and relaxation to the local communities residing the infrastructures sites through providing fresh air and water and minimizing air and water pollution, which in turn help reducing the health hazards of the people by minimizing the air and water borne diseases. Further, efforts to develop green infrastructures help create climate smart infrastructures to some extent. In the endeavor of greening infrastructure, we are striving not only to just planting trees, but also plan to contribute to the beautification of the landscape through carefully planting selected vegetation that evoke lighten the landscape and refresh the hearts of communities and strangers.
e) Greening Landfill Sites :
Greening landfill sites to create healthy and green environment in and around the sites is another focus area of the eco-greenery promotion program. Absence of greenery promotion measures in the landfill sites are causing various environment related health hazards in the communities situated in and around the landfill sites. For the promotion of greenery in the landfill site and to create green natural landscape, RDC is striving to plant various species of vegetation suitable to stabilize the landfill sites and maintain natural and beautiful landscape.