List of ornamental plants, fruits and flowers available at RDC Nepal’s Nursery:
1. Juniperus Chinensis (Chinese Juniper) grows as a shrub or tree with a very variable shape, reaching 1-20 m tall. This native of northeast Asia grows in China, Mongolia, Japan, Korea and the southeast of Russia. It is more commonly used in Nepal as an ornamental plant. It is a coniferous evergreen shrub. The leaves grow in two forms, juvenile needle-like leaves 5-10 mm long and adult scale-leaves 1.5-3 mm long. Mature trees usually continue to bear some juvenile foliage as well as adult, particularly on shaded shoots low in the crown. This largely species often has dioecious either male and female plants, but some individual plants produce both sexes of flowers. The blue-black berry-like cones grow to 7-12 mm in diameter, have a whitish waxy bloom, and contain 2-4 seeds; they mature in about 18 months. The male cones, 2-4 mm long, shed their pollen in early spring.
2. Juniperus indica (Black Juniper) is an evergreen coniferous shrub with a variable growth habit being prostrate and spreading or more bush in habit. Its leaves are dark green/ grey and, as with a lot of coniferous plants, has juvenile and mature forms of leaf. The juvenile are needle like and are up to 8mm long, the mature are scale like and up to 3mm long. The leaves are borne in whorls of three on strong stout main stem shoots. This species is dioecious, with male and female cones on separate plants. The glossy black mature female seed cones are ovoid, berry like, up to 10mm long and contain a single seed. Juniperus indica, commonly known as Black Juniper and Dhupi, is native to high altitudes in the Himalayas.
3. Juniperus recurva: Himalayan weeping juniper is native to, not surprisingly, the Himalayas, and from northern Pakistan east to western Yunnan in southwestern China. This is a slow-growing conifer that will eventually make a fair-sized tree, depending on conditions. Typically, in most western gardens it is found growing at about 20 feet, though in the wilds it can reach 60. It has a broadly conical shape with attractive foliage held on slim pendant branches producing an attractive, graceful weep. This foliage is bright green in summer turning bronze in winter and has beautiful orange-brown bark which lights-up in the evening sun. But it is the elegant form that is so impressive. It is quite distinctive from the run of the mill junipers that are found in such numbers at large garden centers. This Juniper warrants a place of honor in any garden. Himalayan weeping juniper is supposedly tender but they have been known to withstand lows to about 10° F. But not to worry, if winters are a problem this tree adapts well to container culture in full sun.
4. Juniperus scopulorum (Skyrocket): This plant has a tall and extremely narrow, columnar growth habit. Its short, compact, silvery blue foliage is evergreen with virtually no change from season to season. It’s a very striking, dramatic plant when used as a cluster planting against a large fence or building or in formal plantings. The tallest, narrowest juniper out there beautifully elegant for use around large entryways, gates, or even just to hide that old gutter downspout.
5. Juniperus chinensis x pfitzeriana (Gold Lace): This is an absolutely stunning juniper with its dark forest green foliage and showing a vibrant yellow color at the tips of its branches. The golden yellow coloration is best displayed in full sun locations, and will tone down considerably during the winter months. ‘Gold Lace’ is very hardy and has a moderate to fast growth. Pruning prior to bud break in spring or shortly after the hardening off of new growth is best. Gold Lace is an excellent choice to use as contrast to dark evergreen plant.
6. Variegated Hollywood Juniper (Juniperus chinensis- Kaizuka Variegata): The slightly twisted ascending branches and vivid green and gold variegated foliage add lively color and texture to the landscape and Japanese gardens. Has good heat and salt tolerance. Can be grown as a shrub or a tree; perfect for large spaces.
7. Juniper – Lemon Pfizz is a unique plant with bright yellow spring foliage and is low growing and spreading; ages to soft lemon tones! Its low spreading habit becomes vase-shaped with maturity. Lemon Pfizz is an easy care drought tolerant juniper that provides a great contrast to bluish-green older foliage. It can also be used for erosion control, in planters, or mass plantings. It tolerates exposed sites and a wide range of soils.
8. Thuja occidentalis is an evergreen coniferous tree, in the cypress family Cupressaceae, which is native to the northeast of the United States and the southeast of Canada, but widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. Thuja occidentalis has fan-like branches and scaly leaves. Unlike the closely related species Thuja plicata, it is only a small tree, growing to a height of 10–20 metres (33–66 ft) tall with a 0.4 metres (1.3 ft) trunk diameter, exceptionally to 30 metres (98 ft) tall and 1.6 metres (5.2 ft) diameter, the tree is often stunted or prostrate. The bark is red-brown, furrowed and peels in narrow, longitudinal strips. The foliage forms in flat sprays with scale-like leaves 3–5 millimetres (0.12–0.20 in) long. The cones are slender, yellow-green ripening brown, 10–15 millimetres (0.39–0.59 in) long and 4–5 millimetres (0.16–0.20 in) broad, with 6-8 overlapping scales.
9. Thuja plicata, commonly called Western or Pacific redcedar, giant or western arborvitae, giant cedar, or shinglewood, is a species of Thuja, an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae native to western North America. The foliage forms flat sprays with scale-like leaves in opposite pairs, with successive pairs at 90 degrees to each other. The foliage sprays are green above, and green marked with whitish stomatal bands below; they are strongly aromatic, with a scent reminiscent of pineapple when crushed.
10. Thuja plicata ‘Goldy’ is a lively, new addition to the family with its jazzy, golden leaves, which like its siblings have a sweet pineapple fragrance when rubbed or crushed. This is an attractive, compact variety with a conical habit that makes a bright specimen plant in a border or planted on its own as a feature plant. Evergreen and striking it carries the garden through the winter, while the rest of the year it makes an interesting backdrop to a border, or use plants to separate areas of the garden into rooms. Planted in groups it makes good, dense hedging and although it doesn’t need pruning – a trim once a year in August will keep it in shape, it responds well to tight clipping and will make a neat, formal hedge.
10. Pinus Patula is an evergreen Tree growing to 50 m (164ft 1in). It is hardy to zone 8 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan, and the seeds ripen from Jan to February. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.
11. Cinnamomum camphora (commonly known as Camphor tree, Camphorwood or camphor laurel) is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 20–30 metres tall. The leaves have a glossy, waxy appearance and smell of camphor when crushed. In spring it produces bright green foliage with masses of small white flowers. It produces clusters of black berry-like fruit around one centimetre in diameter. It has a pale bark that is very rough and fissured vertically. Cinnamomum camphora is native to China south of the Yangtze River, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, and has been introduced to many other countries. Camphor is an evergreen tree with oval to elliptical leaves, arranged alternately on the stem. Slender twigs are initially green but change to reddish brown.
12. Deodar is in great demand as building material because of its durability, rot-resistant character and fine, close grain, which is capable of taking a high polish. It is widely grown as an ornamental tree, often planted in parks and large gardens for its drooping foliage. General cultivation is limited to areas with mild winters. The inner wood is aromatic and used to make incense. Inner wood is distilled into essential oil. As insects avoid this tree, the essential oil is used as insect repellent on the feet of horses, cattle and camels. It also has anti-fungal properties and has some potential for control of fungal deterioration of spices during storage. The outer bark and stem are astringent
13. Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is grown as a fruit crop plant, and as ornamental trees and shrubs in parks and gardens. Mature specimens can develop sculptural twisted bark multi-trunks and a distinctive overall form. Pomegranates are drought-tolerant, and can be grown in dry areas with either a Mediterranean winter rainfall climate or in summer rainfall climates. In wetter areas, they can be prone to root decay from fungal diseases. They can be tolerant of moderate frost, down to about −12 °C (10 °F). In the Indian subcontinent’s ancient Ayurveda system of medicine, the pomegranate has extensively been used as a source of traditional remedies for thousands of years.
14. Pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) is a fruit tree species native to China, Japan, and Korea. The tree’s edible fruit is known by many names, including: Asian pear,Chinese pear,Korean pear, Japanese pear,Taiwan pear, and sand pear.Along with cultivars of P. × bretschneideri and P. ussuriensis, the fruit is also called the nashi pear. Despite being colloquially known as an apple pear due to its appearance and texture, the fruit is not a hybrid of the two. The fruits are not generally baked in pies or made into jams because they have a high water content and a crisp, grainy texture, very different from the buttery European varieties. They are commonly served raw and peeled. The fruit tends to be quite large and fragrant, and when carefully wrapped (it has a tendency to bruise because of its juiciness), it can last for several weeks or more in a cold, dry place.
15. Orange: Probably originating in Southeast Asia, oranges were already cultivated in China as far back as 2500 BC. Orange trees are widely grown in tropical and subtropical climates for their sweet fruit, which can be eaten fresh or processed to obtain juice, and for the fragrant peel. They have been the most cultivated tree fruit in the world since 1987, and sweet oranges account for approximately 70% of the citrus production.
16. Lemon (Citrus × limon) is a small evergreen tree native to Asia, and the tree’s ellipsoidal yellow fruit. The fruit is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world, primarily for its juice, though the pulp and rind (zest) are also used in cooking and baking. The juice of the lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid, which gives lemons a sour taste. The distinctive sour taste of lemon juice makes it a key ingredient in drinks and foods such as lemonade.