Scientific name : PHYLLANTHUS EMBLICA
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Local Names : Amala (Nep.); Ambah (Newa.); Aamalaki, Dhaatri (Sans.); Embellc myrobalan, Indian Gooseberry (Eng.)
Uses : Fresh fruits are acrid, cooling, diuretic, laxative and stomachic. Dry fruit is an important constituents of ‘Triphala” and “Chyavanpras” of Ayurvedic preparations. Useful in haemorrhage and dysentery. In combination with Iron compounds, it is used as a remedy for anaemia, jaundice and dyspepsia. Root is astringent and seeds are used in asthma, bronchitis and biliousness.
Scientific name: Cinnamomum camphora
Local name: Kapoor (Nep.), Camphor Tree (Eng.)
Uses: relieve pain and reduce itching. It has also been used to treat fungal infections of the toenail, warts, cold sores, hemorrhoids, and osteoarthritis. Camphor is used topically to increase local blood flow and as a “counterirritant,” which reduces pain and swelling by causing irritation.
Scientific name: TERMINAllA BELURICA
Local Names: Barro (Nep.), Balah (Newa.), Vibhitak, Vibhitaki (Sans.) Bastard myrobalan, belleric myrobalan (Eng.)
Uses: Tonic, astringent, laxative, antipyreti, narcotic. Used in piles. dropsy. Fruits are used in cough, hoarseness, and eye disease. It is one of the constituents of “Triphala” of Ayurvedic preparation used for liver and gastrointestinal tracts.
Scientific name AEOLE MARMELOS
Local Names Bel (Nep.); Bel (Newa.); Vilva, Biranab (Sans.); Bael tree, Bengal Quince (Eng.)
Uses Ripe fruit-laxative, against constipation and dyspepsia. Unripe fruit – astringent, digestive and against dysentery. Roots bark is used against fever, and preparation of Dasmula’.
Scientific name: ALOE VERA
Common name: Aloe-Vera
Uses: Stomachic, cooling, alterative, purgative, and emmenagogue, used again t pile and rectal fisures. Useful in eye disease, tumors, enlargement of the pleen, liver complaints, vomiting. The mucilage is cooling and used to poultice inflammations and extensively used in cosmetic preparation.
Scientific name MAHONIA NEPALENSIS
Local Names jamane mandro (Nep.); (Newa.); Daruharidra (Sans.); Mahonia (Eng.)
Uses Bark-antidysenteric, antidiarrheal. Berries -diuretic and demulcent in dysentery
Scientific name SYZYGIUM CUMlNI
Local Names Jamun (Nep.); Ounjhamsi (Newa.); jambool (Sans.); Black Plum, Indian Blackberry, Java Plum (Eng.)
Uses Bark – acrid, astringent, anthelmintic, useful in diarrhoea, dysentery, sore throat, bronchitis, asthma, biliousness, blood impurities, ulcers; Fruit – carminative and diuretic. Seed used in diabetes.
Scientific name ALLIUM HYPSISTUM
Local Names jimbu (Nep.)
Uses Flavoring substance in local culinary, used to cure cough and cold, and also gastritis.
Scientific name: MYRICA ESCULENTA
Local Names: Kaphal (Nep.); Kabasi (Newa.); Katphala (Sans.); Box Myrtle, Bay Berry, Wax Myrtle (Eng.)
Uses Traditionally, the bark has been used for the treatment of cough, asthma, fever, chronic bronchitis, diarrhoea, rheumatism and inflammation; roots have been used in bronchitis, asthma, cholera and flowers claimed to treat earache, diarrhea, paralysis.
Scientific name: BAUHINIA VARIEGATA
Local Names: Koiralo (Nep.); Kunhah, Kunhahbun (Newa.); Kachnar, Kovidara (Sans.); Mountain Ebony (Eng.).
Uses: Bark- Alterative, tonic, astringent, emmenagogue. Used in dysentery, piles, dyspepsia, ulcers, scorfula, sore throat, cough, bleeding piles, haematuria and menorrhagia etc. Root- decoction in dyspepsia, carminative. Fresh flowers used as laxative. Dried flower buds used in dysentery and piles, diarrhoea.
Scientific name: ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS
Local Names: Kurilo (Nep.); Shatamuli (Sans.); Asparsgus (Eng.)
Uses: Used as refrigerant, demulcent, diuretic, aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, antidiarrhoea, galactagogue and in rheumatism.
Scientific name: CYPERUS ROTUNDUS
Local Names: Mothe (Nep.); Kasur, Khayu kasura (Newa.); Mustaka, Bhadramusta (Sans.); Nut grass (Eng.)
Uses: Diuretic, emmenagogue, antihelminthic, diaphoretic, astringent, stimulant, useful in disorders of the stomach and irritation of the bowels. leprosy, fever, blood diseases, biliousness and dysentery.
Scientific name: TERMINALIA CHEBULA
Local Names: Harro (Nep.); Halah (Newa.); Haritaki (Sans.); Chebula myrobalan (Eng.)
Uses: Fruits are astringent, laxative, alterative, fine powder useful in carious teeth and bleeding gums. Bark is diuretic, cardiotonic. Used in ulcer. An ingredient of “Triphala”‘ of Ayurvedic preparation.
Scientific name: CURCUMA ANOUSTIFOLIA
Local Names: Haledo (Nep.); Beshar (Newa.); Haladi, Aneshta (Sans.); Turmeric (Eng.)
Uses: Aromatic, stimulant, tonic, canninative, blood purifier, antiperiodic alterative, externally applied to sprains wounds and injuries. Used in chest and abdominal distension, mucous discharge and relieve the congestion, rheumatalgia, irregular menses, amenorrhoea. Decoction of rhizomes in purulent conjuctivities; fresh juiceanthelmintic used as antiparasitic for many skin affections.
Scientific name: MICHELIA CHAMPACA
Local Names: Champ (Nep.); Chaswan (Newa.); Chambunala, Champaka, Champeya (Sans.); Golden champa, Yellow champa, Magnolia (Eng.)
Uses: Bark – astringent, febrifuge, stimulant, expectorant, diuretic, bile and blood affections. Flowers and fruits – stimulant, tonic, expectorant, antispasmodic, stomachic, carminative, diuretic, used in bilious conditions, leprosy, skin diseases and ulcers. Useful in cough and rheumatism
Scientific name: ACORUS CALAMUS
Local Names: Bojho (Nep.); Bhadra (Sans.); Sweet flag (Eng.)
Uses: Used as anti-spasmodic, carminative, used for sore throat and voice disorders, anthelmintic, used for the treatment of epilepsy and other mental ailments, chronic diarrhoea and dysentery, bronchial catarrh, intermittent fevers and glandular and abdominal tumours, insecticide, The oil is reported to have carcinogenic properties.
Scientific Name: Eucalyptus
Common Name: Masala (Nep.) Gum trees (Eng.)
Uses: Treatment of respiratory illnesses-Coughs, colds, sore throats, asthma and congestion, also used as timber
Scientific name: PHYLLANTHUS AMARU
Local Names: Bhui amala, Pani Amala (Nep.); (Newa.); Amlika (Sans.); (Eng.)
Uses: Acrid, cooling, useful in thirst, bronchitis, leprosy, anemia, urinary discharges, biliousness, asthama, hiccough. The plant is also used as a diuretic and in menorrhogia.
Scientific name: DATURA STRAMONIUM
Local Names: Dhatura (Nep.); Dudhale, Dhatura (Newa.); Kantaphala, Dhustura (Sans.); Thorn a le, Devil’s a le (Eng.)
Uses: All parts of the plant, including the pollen and specially seeds are used. Plant is used as antispasmodic, anodyne and narcotic. Leaves are used in inhalation of smoke to cure asthma. Fruits are used as sedative and intoxicating. juice of flower is used for ear ache and that of fruits is applied to scalp for curing dandruff and falling hairs
Scientific name: CANNABIS SATIVA Family: annabaceae
Local Names: Bhang, Ganja (Nep.); Gaji (Newa.); Bhanga (Sans.); Indian Hemp, Hemp (Eng.)
Uses: Plant used as tonic, intoxicant, stomachic, antispasmodic, analgesic, narcotic, sedative, and anodyne; used in to relieve pain, encourage sleep and to soothe restlessness. Resinous exudate is used as hashis. It is also given in diarrhoea, dysentery and cholera.
Scientific name: BERBERIS ARISTATA
Local Names: Chutro, Rasanjan (Nep.); Marpyashi (Newa.); Daruharidra, Darbi, Rasanjan (Sans.); Berberry (Eng.)
Uses: Wood and root bark- alterative, astringent, antiperiodic, deobstruent, used in skin diseases, menorrhagia, diarrhea, jaundice. Root decoction used in fevers. Root bark is used externally to cure eye disease.
Scientific name: Rosmarinus officinalis
Local name: Rose Mary (Nep.), Rose Mary (Eng.)
Uses: traditionally used to help alleviate muscle pain, improve memory, boost the immune and circulatory system, and promote hair growth.
Scientific name: Stevia rebaudiana
Local name: Chni Biruwa (Nep.), Stevia (Eng.)
Uses: Stevia (S. rebaudiana) is considered as a non-caloric natural sweetener which has many potential benefits to human beings especially in the field of diabetics, blood pressure, obesity etc. It is used as sugar substitutes in foods due its sweetness in many countries.
Scientific name: AZADIRACHTA INDICA
Local Names: Neem (Nep.); Neem (Newa.); Nimba, Pichumarda, Arista (Sans.); Neem, Margosa tree (Eng.)
Uses: The bark is bitter; refrigerant, anthelmintic, maturant, pectoral, astringent; relieves cough, vomiting, burning senstaion near the heart, fatigue, fever; cures ulcers and inflammations; good for leprosy, urinary discharge. The leaves are anthelmintic, alexiteric, insecticidal, good in ophthalinia, bilousness and skin diseases; tender leaves are astringent, good for cough, asthma, piles, tumors, urinary discharge. flowers are bitter, anthelmintic, removes cough and biliousness. fruits bitter and oily, hot purgative, anthelmintic, cures urinary discharge, skin disease, tumors, piles and toothache.
Scientific name: JUGLANS REGIA
Local Names: Hade okhar (Nep.); Khosin (Newa.); Ashotaka (Sans.); Walnut (Eng.)
Uses: Leaves – astringent, tonic, decoction anthelmintic. Bark – anthelmintic and detergent; root bark – decoction used for hair growth tonic. Green rind of unripe fruit is used to intoxicate fish and for tanning and dyeing. Fruit – alterative in rheumatism.
Scientific name: Quercus lamellosa
Local Names: सानो फलाँट, Blue Japanese oak, ring-cupped oak
Uses: Ornamental plant for gardens, parks and streets. Blue Japanese oak acorns are edible, dried Acorns are ground into powder and used as flour to make breads and as a thickening agent in stews. Roasted seeds can be used as a coffee.Leaves are eaten as a vegetable, The branches and twigs are good material for culturing mushrooms,sources of tannin and dye. The wood is a good quality timber, finely textured, hard and durable, and is also valuable fuel-wood.
Scientific name: RAUWOLFIA SERPENTINA
Local Names: Sarpagandha, Chandmaruwa (Nep.); Sarpagandha (Sans.); Serpentine (Eng.)
Uses: Used as anti-hypertensives and sedatives remedy in painful affections of the bowels, decoction employed in labour to increase uterine contractions.
Scientific name: PARIS POLYPHYLLA
Local Names: Satuwa (Nep.);
Uses: Rhizome used as anthelmintic and vennifuse; also used as tonic.
Scientific name: ACACIA RUGATA
Local Names: Sikakai, Rasula (Nep.); Saptala, Charmakasa (Sans.); (Newa.); (Eng.)
Uses: Pods are used as expectorant, purgative, anthelmintic, antidiarrhoeal and emetic. The leaves are used as cathartic and in billiousnes. Pods and leaves are used for hair growth and malarial fever.
Scientific name: BAUHINIA PURPURIA
Local Names: Tanki (Nep.); (Newa.); Rakta-pushpa kovindara (Sans.); Bauhinia (Eng.)
Uses: Bark- used as antidiarrhoeic, antidysenteric and astringent.
Scientific name CINNAMOMUM TAMALA
Local Names Tejpat (Nep.); Dalchini (brk.) (Nep.);Tejpat (If.), Dalchini (brk.) (Newa.); Tamai, Tuj, Twak. Tacho (Sans.); Indian cassia, Cinnamomum leaves and bark (Eng.)
Uses Leaves and bark- aromatic, astringent stimulant and carminative; used in rheumatism, colic, diarrhea; useful for checking nausea and vomiting.
Scientific name ZANTHOXYLUM ARMATUM
Local Names Timur (Nep.); Tebu (Newa.); Tumburu, Tejobati, Tejsweni (Sans.); Toothache tree (Eng.)
Uses Fruits and seed are used as canninative, stomachic and anthelmintic, in tooth powder and dental troubles and for scabies, insect-repellents. Tonic in fever and dyspepsia. The bark is also used to intoxicate fish.
Scientific name ARTEMISIA INDICA
Local Names Tite pati (Nep.); (Newa.); Surparnaa (Sans.); Mug-wort (Eng.)
Uses Herbs are reported to have emmenagogue, oexrigenic, insecticidal, anthelmintic, antispasmodic, stomachie, purgative activities. Plant cures asthma, itching. Used for delayed or irregular mensturation, anorexia, nurvous dyspepsia, gastritis, rheumatism, bronchitis, fever, headache, and as a remedy for hemorrage and diarrhea. Used in fomentations given in skin diseases and and foul ulcers as an alternative; applied to the head of young childem for the prevention of convulsion.
Scientific name OCIMUM TENUIFLORUM
Local Names Tulasi (Nep.); Tulasi (Newa.); Tulasi, Surasa (Sans.); Holy Basil (Eng.)
Uses The plant is pungent and dry; stomachic, anthelmintic, alexcipharmic, antipyretic; useful in diseases of the heart and blood, biliouseness, leucoderma. Leaves are specifically used to reduce the severity of fevers, juice gives lustre to the eye, good for toothache, earache, headache; seed allay thirst; useful in chronic pain in the joints, asthma inflammations and enlarge spleen; seed infusions is used in gonorhoea, diarrhoea and chronic dysentery. It is widely used in cough-cold and influenza.
Scientific name DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA
Local Names Vyakur, Kukurtarul, Ghunar (Nep.); Bahrahkand (Sans.); Air potato; aerial yam (Eng.)
Uses used in haemoptysis, epistaxis; pharyngitis; goitre; pyogenic infections, scrofula; orchitis; sprains and injuries.