Scientific name : PHYLLANTHUS EMBLICA
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Local Names : Amala (Nep.); Ambah (Newa.); Aamalaki, Dhaatri (Sans.); Embellc myrobalan, Indian Gooseberry (Eng.)
Uses : Fresh fruits are acrid, cooling, diuretic, laxative and stomachic. Dry fruit is an important constituents of ‘Triphala” and “Chyavanpras” of Ayurvedic preparations. Useful in haemorrhage and dysentery. In combination with Iron compounds, it is used as a remedy for anaemia, jaundice and dyspepsia. Root is astringent and seeds are used in asthma, bronchitis and biliousness.
Scietific Name: Choerospondias axillaris
Local/Common Name: Lapsi, Lepchipoma, Amrda
Uses : This fruit is greenish-yellow when ripe. It contain high vitamin C , even at full ripe stage they are extremely sour, however it also contains a pleasant tart flavor, where some people eat it fresh, while others use in the making of dried fruit nuggets both sweet and salt. Pulp separation from the seeds is difficult to segregate, but by cooking it becomes very easy. With a large brown seed, the fruits have a hard rubbery skin and pale yellow flesh, which is firmly attached to the seed.
Scietific Name: Citrus limon
Local/Common Name: कागती, Lemon, French limon, Italian limone
Uses: Lemons are the rich source of vitamin C. Lemons contain numerous phytochemicals, including polyphenols, terpenes, and tannins. Lemon juice is used to make lemonade, soft drinks, and cocktails. It is used in marinades for fish, and meat. Lemons are preserved in jars or barrels of salt. The salt penetrates the peel and rind, softening them, and curing them so that they last almost indefinitely. Lemon oil is extracted from oil-containing cells in the skin. The leaves of the lemon tree are used to make a tea and for preparing cooked meats and seafoods.
Scietific Name: Citrus sinensis
Family : Rutaceae
Local/Common Name : सुन्तला, Orange, Blood orange, Navel Oranges
Uses: Oranges are an important food source of vitamin C. The fruit is low in calories, contains no saturated fats or cholesterol, but rich in dietary fiber, pectin. Orange fruit contains a variety of phytochemicals. Hesperetin, naringin, naringenin and also some amount of minerals like potassium and calcium which are important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure through countering pressing effects of sodium.
Scietific Name: Prunus persica
Local/Common Name: peach, nectarine, आरू
Uses: Peach is edible juicy fruit. It been shown to ward off obesity-related diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, metabolic syndrome, and It have bioactive and phenolic compounds with anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory properties that may also reduce the bad cholesterol (LDL) associated with cardiovascular disease. It is an excellent source of the strong antioxidant vitamin C, can also help combat the formation of free radicals known to cause cancer. High fruit and vegetable intake is also associated with reduce wrinkles, improve overall skin texture, and help to fight skin damage caused by the sun and pollution and make healthy complexion and hair.
Scietific Name: Psidium guajava
Local/Common Name: Guava, yellow guava, lemon guava, goiaba.
Uses: Guava has been used in Traditional Medicine. It is used for inflammation, diabetes, hypertension, caries, wounds, pain relief, fever, diarrhea, rheumatism, lungs diseases, and ulcer. Guava is an edible fruit and can be eaten raw or cooked. The processing of the fruits yields by-products that can be fed to livestock. The leaves can also be used as fodder. The plant is used in many different shampoo products for its scent. Its wood is commonly used for smoking of meat. Its hard wood is suitable for roof trusses.
Scietific Name: Pomegranate
Local/Common Name: anar, Pomegranate, Red Apple.
Uses: This fruit contains hundreds of edible seeds called arils. They are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals and bioactive plant compounds, but they also contain some sugar. Pomegranates contain punicalagins and punicic acid, unique substances that are responsible for most of their health benefits. It has Impressive Anti-Inflammatory Effects which helps for fight protest against heart disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease and even obesity.
Scientific name: MYRICA ESCULENTA
Local Names: Kaphal (Nep.); Kabasi (Newa.); Katphala (Sans.); Box Myrtle, Bay Berry, Wax Myrtle (Eng.)
Uses Traditionally, the bark has been used for the treatment of cough, asthma, fever, chronic bronchitis, diarrhoea, rheumatism and inflammation; roots have been used in bronchitis, asthma, cholera and flowers claimed to treat earache, diarrhea, paralysis.
Scietific Name: Antidesma alexiteria
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Local/Common Name : अर्चल, Archal, Antidesma, Bignay, Bignai
Uses: This fleshy and juicy fruits are edible with a sour to bitter sweet taste. It can be eaten raw or cooked and used in jellies, preserves, it is used mainly for jams and jellies. Young leaves can be eaten raw in salads or steamed and used as a side dish with rice, the leaves are also used as an antidote for snake bites. The root bark is used to treat dysentery. A fiber obtained from the bark is used for cordage. Antidesma provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.
Scientific name: Cinnamomum camphora
Local name: Kapoor (Nep.), Camphor Tree (Eng.)
Uses: relieve pain and reduce itching. It has also been used to treat fungal infections of the toenail, warts, cold sores, hemorrhoids, and osteoarthritis. Camphor is used topically to increase local blood flow and as a “counterirritant,” which reduces pain and swelling by causing irritation.
Scientific name: TERMINAllA BELURICA
Local Names: Barro (Nep.), Balah (Newa.), Vibhitak, Vibhitaki (Sans.) Bastard myrobalan, belleric myrobalan (Eng.)
Uses: Tonic, astringent, laxative, antipyreti, narcotic. Used in piles. dropsy. Fruits are used in cough, hoarseness, and eye disease. It is one of the constituents of “Triphala” of Ayurvedic preparation used for liver and gastrointestinal tracts.
Scientific name AEOLE MARMELOS
Local Names Bel (Nep.); Bel (Newa.); Vilva, Biranab (Sans.); Bael tree, Bengal Quince (Eng.)
Uses Ripe fruit-laxative, against constipation and dyspepsia. Unripe fruit – astringent, digestive and against dysentery. Roots bark is used against fever, and preparation of Dasmula’.
Scientific name: ALOE VERA
Common name: Aloe-Vera
Uses: Stomachic, cooling, alterative, purgative, and emmenagogue, used again t pile and rectal fisures. Useful in eye disease, tumors, enlargement of the pleen, liver complaints, vomiting. The mucilage is cooling and used to poultice inflammations and extensively used in cosmetic preparation.
Scientific name TERMINAllA BELURICA
Local Names jamane mandro (Nep.); (Newa.); Daruharidra (Sans.); Mahonia (Eng.)
Uses Bark-antidysenteric, antidiarrheal. Berries -diuretic and demulcent in dysentery
Scientific name SYZYGIUM CUMlNI
Local Names Jamun (Nep.); Ounjhamsi (Newa.); jambool (Sans.); Black Plum, Indian Blackberry, Java Plum (Eng.)
Uses Bark – acrid, astringent, anthelmintic, useful in diarrhoea, dysentery, sore throat, bronchitis, asthma, biliousness, blood impurities, ulcers; Fruit – carminative and diuretic. Seed used in diabetes.
Scientific name ALLIUM HYPSISTUM
Local Names jimbu (Nep.)
Uses Flavoring substance in local culinary, used to cure cough and cold, and also gastritis.
Scientific name: BAUHINIA VARIEGATA
Local Names: Koiralo (Nep.); Kunhah, Kunhahbun (Newa.); Kachnar, Kovidara (Sans.); Mountain Ebony (Eng.).
Uses: Bark- Alterative, tonic, astringent, emmenagogue. Used in dysentery, piles, dyspepsia, ulcers, scorfula, sore throat, cough, bleeding piles, haematuria and menorrhagia etc. Root- decoction in dyspepsia, carminative. Fresh flowers used as laxative. Dried flower buds used in dysentery and piles, diarrhoea.
Scientific name: ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS
Local Names: Kurilo (Nep.); Shatamuli (Sans.); Asparsgus (Eng.)
Uses: Used as refrigerant, demulcent, diuretic, aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, antidiarrhoea, galactagogue and in rheumatism.
Scientific name: CYPERUS ROTUNDUS
Local Names: Mothe (Nep.); Kasur, Khayu kasura (Newa.); Mustaka, Bhadramusta (Sans.); Nut grass (Eng.)
Uses: Diuretic, emmenagogue, antihelminthic, diaphoretic, astringent, stimulant, useful in disorders of the stomach and irritation of the bowels. leprosy, fever, blood diseases, biliousness and dysentery.
Scientific name: TERMINALIA CHEBULA
Local Names: Harro (Nep.); Halah (Newa.); Haritaki (Sans.); Chebula myrobalan (Eng.)
Uses: Fruits are astringent, laxative, alterative, fine powder useful in carious teeth and bleeding gums. Bark is diuretic, cardiotonic. Used in ulcer. An ingredient of “Triphala”‘ of Ayurvedic preparation.
Scientific name: CURCUMA ANOUSTIFOLIA
Local Names: Haledo (Nep.); Beshar (Newa.); Haladi, Aneshta (Sans.); Turmeric (Eng.)
Uses: Aromatic, stimulant, tonic, canninative, blood purifier, antiperiodic alterative, externally applied to sprains wounds and injuries. Used in chest and abdominal distension, mucous discharge and relieve the congestion, rheumatalgia, irregular menses, amenorrhoea. Decoction of rhizomes in purulent conjuctivities; fresh juiceanthelmintic used as antiparasitic for many skin affections.
Scientific name: MICHELIA CHAMPACA
Local Names: Champ (Nep.); Chaswan (Newa.); Chambunala, Champaka, Champeya (Sans.); Golden champa, Yellow champa, Magnolia (Eng.)
Uses: Bark – astringent, febrifuge, stimulant, expectorant, diuretic, bile and blood affections. Flowers and fruits – stimulant, tonic, expectorant, antispasmodic, stomachic, carminative, diuretic, used in bilious conditions, leprosy, skin diseases and ulcers. Useful in cough and rheumatism
Scientific name: ACORUS CALAMUS
Local Names: Bojho (Nep.); Bhadra (Sans.); Sweet flag (Eng.)
Uses: Used as anti-spasmodic, carminative, used for sore throat and voice disorders, anthelmintic, used for the treatment of epilepsy and other mental ailments, chronic diarrhoea and dysentery, bronchial catarrh, intermittent fevers and glandular and abdominal tumours, insecticide, The oil is reported to have carcinogenic properties.
Scientific Name: Eucalyptus
Common Name: Masala (Nep.) Gum trees (Eng.)
Uses: Treatment of respiratory illnesses-Coughs, colds, sore throats, asthma and congestion, also used as timber
Scientific name: PHYLLANTHUS AMARU
Local Names: Bhui amala, Pani Amala (Nep.); (Newa.); Amlika (Sans.); (Eng.)
Uses: Acrid, cooling, useful in thirst, bronchitis, leprosy, anemia, urinary discharges, biliousness, asthama, hiccough. The plant is also used as a diuretic and in menorrhogia.
Scientific name: DATURA STRAMONIUM
Local Names: Dhatura (Nep.); Dudhale, Dhatura (Newa.); Kantaphala, Dhustura (Sans.); Thorn a le, Devil’s a le (Eng.)
Uses: All parts of the plant, including the pollen and specially seeds are used. Plant is used as antispasmodic, anodyne and narcotic. Leaves are used in inhalation of smoke to cure asthma. Fruits are used as sedative and intoxicating. juice of flower is used for ear ache and that of fruits is applied to scalp for curing dandruff and falling hairs
Scientific name: CANNABIS SATIVA Family: annabaceae
Local Names: Bhang, Ganja (Nep.); Gaji (Newa.); Bhanga (Sans.); Indian Hemp, Hemp (Eng.)
Uses: Plant used as tonic, intoxicant, stomachic, antispasmodic, analgesic, narcotic, sedative, and anodyne; used in to relieve pain, encourage sleep and to soothe restlessness. Resinous exudate is used as hashis. It is also given in diarrhoea, dysentery and cholera.
Scientific name: BERBERIS ARISTATA
Local Names: Chutro, Rasanjan (Nep.); Marpyashi (Newa.); Daruharidra, Darbi, Rasanjan (Sans.); Berberry (Eng.)
Uses: Wood and root bark- alterative, astringent, antiperiodic, deobstruent, used in skin diseases, menorrhagia, diarrhea, jaundice. Root decoction used in fevers. Root bark is used externally to cure eye disease.
Scientific name: Rosmarinus officinalis
Local name: Rose Mary (Nep.), Rose Mary (Eng.)
Uses: traditionally used to help alleviate muscle pain, improve memory, boost the immune and circulatory system, and promote hair growth.
Scientific name: Stevia rebaudiana
Local name: Chni Biruwa (Nep.), Stevia (Eng.)
Uses: Stevia (S. rebaudiana) is considered as a non-caloric natural sweetener which has many potential benefits to human beings especially in the field of diabetics, blood pressure, obesity etc. It is used as sugar substitutes in foods due its sweetness in many countries.
Scientific name: AZADIRACHTA INDICA
Local Names: Neem (Nep.); Neem (Newa.); Nimba, Pichumarda, Arista (Sans.); Neem, Margosa tree (Eng.)
Uses: The bark is bitter; refrigerant, anthelmintic, maturant, pectoral, astringent; relieves cough, vomiting, burning senstaion near the heart, fatigue, fever; cures ulcers and inflammations; good for leprosy, urinary discharge. The leaves are anthelmintic, alexiteric, insecticidal, good in ophthalinia, bilousness and skin diseases; tender leaves are astringent, good for cough, asthma, piles, tumors, urinary discharge. flowers are bitter, anthelmintic, removes cough and biliousness. fruits bitter and oily, hot purgative, anthelmintic, cures urinary discharge, skin disease, tumors, piles and toothache.
Scientific name: JUGLANS REGIA
Local Names: Hade okhar (Nep.); Khosin (Newa.); Ashotaka (Sans.); Walnut (Eng.)
Uses: Leaves – astringent, tonic, decoction anthelmintic. Bark – anthelmintic and detergent; root bark – decoction used for hair growth tonic. Green rind of unripe fruit is used to intoxicate fish and for tanning and dyeing. Fruit – alterative in rheumatism.
Scientific name: Quercus lamellosa
Local Names: सानो फलाँट, Blue Japanese oak, ring-cupped oak
Uses: Ornamental plant for gardens, parks and streets. Blue Japanese oak acorns are edible, dried Acorns are ground into powder and used as flour to make breads and as a thickening agent in stews. Roasted seeds can be used as a coffee.Leaves are eaten as a vegetable, The branches and twigs are good material for culturing mushrooms,sources of tannin and dye. The wood is a good quality timber, finely textured, hard and durable, and is also valuable fuel-wood.
Scientific name: RAUWOLFIA SERPENTINA
Local Names: Sarpagandha, Chandmaruwa (Nep.); Sarpagandha (Sans.); Serpentine (Eng.)
Uses: Used as anti-hypertensives and sedatives remedy in painful affections of the bowels, decoction employed in labour to increase uterine contractions.
Scientific name: PARIS POLYPHYLLA
Local Names: Satuwa (Nep.);
Uses: Rhizome used as anthelmintic and vennifuse; also used as tonic.
Scientific name: ACACIA RUGATA
Local Names: Sikakai, Rasula (Nep.); Saptala, Charmakasa (Sans.); (Newa.); (Eng.)
Uses: Pods are used as expectorant, purgative, anthelmintic, antidiarrhoeal and emetic. The leaves are used as cathartic and in billiousnes. Pods and leaves are used for hair growth and malarial fever.
Scientific name: BAUHINIA PURPURIA
Local Names: Tanki (Nep.); (Newa.); Rakta-pushpa kovindara (Sans.); Bauhinia (Eng.)
Uses: Bark- used as antidiarrhoeic, antidysenteric and astringent.
Scientific name CINNAMOMUM TAMALA
Local Names Tejpat (Nep.); Dalchini (brk.) (Nep.);Tejpat (If.), Dalchini (brk.) (Newa.); Tamai, Tuj, Twak. Tacho (Sans.); Indian cassia, Cinnamomum leaves and bark (Eng.)
Uses Leaves and bark- aromatic, astringent stimulant and carminative; used in rheumatism, colic, diarrhea; useful for checking nausea and vomiting.
Scientific name ZANTHOXYLUM ARMATUM
Local Names Timur (Nep.); Tebu (Newa.); Tumburu, Tejobati, Tejsweni (Sans.); Toothache tree (Eng.)
Uses Fruits and seed are used as canninative, stomachic and anthelmintic, in tooth powder and dental troubles and for scabies, insect-repellents. Tonic in fever and dyspepsia. The bark is also used to intoxicate fish.
Scientific name ARTEMISIA INDICA
Local Names Tite pati (Nep.); (Newa.); Surparnaa (Sans.); Mug-wort (Eng.)
Uses Herbs are reported to have emmenagogue, oexrigenic, insecticidal, anthelmintic, antispasmodic, stomachie, purgative activities. Plant cures asthma, itching. Used for delayed or irregular mensturation, anorexia, nurvous dyspepsia, gastritis, rheumatism, bronchitis, fever, headache, and as a remedy for hemorrage and diarrhea. Used in fomentations given in skin diseases and and foul ulcers as an alternative; applied to the head of young childem for the prevention of convulsion.
Scientific name OCIMUM TENUIFLORUM
Local Names Tulasi (Nep.); Tulasi (Newa.); Tulasi, Surasa (Sans.); Holy Basil (Eng.)
Uses The plant is pungent and dry; stomachic, anthelmintic, alexcipharmic, antipyretic; useful in diseases of the heart and blood, biliouseness, leucoderma. Leaves are specifically used to reduce the severity of fevers, juice gives lustre to the eye, good for toothache, earache, headache; seed allay thirst; useful in chronic pain in the joints, asthma inflammations and enlarge spleen; seed infusions is used in gonorhoea, diarrhoea and chronic dysentery. It is widely used in cough-cold and influenza.
Scientific name DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA
Local Names Vyakur, Kukurtarul, Ghunar (Nep.); Bahrahkand (Sans.); Air potato; aerial yam (Eng.)
Uses used in haemoptysis, epistaxis; pharyngitis; goitre; pyogenic infections, scrofula; orchitis; sprains and injuries.